Most people have problems in relating with others because they have refused to study and understand themselves. As human beings, we need to understand ourselves before we can understand others. By doing this, we also help other people to understand us. Self knowledge is an important tool that helps us to develop good and healthy interpersonal relationships. A major way through which we can achieve this is by knowing our temperaments.

Temperament simply means the one’s nature or character. It is one of the factors that make us unique from other human beings. It’s the most powerful influence in a person’s life because it is largely responsible for our actions, reactions, emotional responses and almost everything a person does. This is shown or reflected in the way we behave or react to situations or people.

There are four major categories of temperament which was conceived by Hippocrates more than two thousand years ago. They are; Sanguine, Melancholy, Choleric and Phlegmatic. Each of these temperaments has its own strength and weaknesses and it is possible for a person to have more than one temperament. A person may have a blend of at least two of these temperaments. One good thing about it is that if you know your temperaments, you can maintain the strengths and work on your weaknesses.

It is generally known that assumption is the lowest level of knowledge, we will do ourselves more harm than good if we continue to assume what our temperaments are. It is therefore better for us not to assume who we are but rather we should know who we really are. The earlier we discover ourselves, the better our relationship with others will be.

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